What is posting in accounting?

posting definition in accounting

In this case, the accounting records for each subsidiary are essentially the same as subledgers, so the account totals from the subsidiaries are posted into those of the parent company. This may also be handled on a separate spreadsheet through a manual consolidation process. For example, if a purchase of equipment on account were not paid for by the end of the fiscal year, the balance of the equipment account would be a debit in the accounts payable ledger.

The next step includes calculating the overall figures of both sides ( debit and credit) for each ledger account. Postin accounting definition gives law firm bookkeeping an updated status of all the ledger balances. Moreover, it aids in tracking the balances on the records of how it has changed over some time.

Fixed Price

A financial record of an individual ACCOUNT PAYABLE in which entries can be made daily. Claim against a DEBTOR for an uncollected amount, generally from a completed transaction of sales or services rendered. Formal record that represents, in words, money or other unit of measurement, certain resources, claims to such resources, transactions or other events that result in changes to those resources and claims. If you would like to see what it looks like to move journal postings into a general ledger in Excel, watch this additional video.

For instance, the annual STRAIGHT-LINE DEPRECIATION of a $2,500 asset expected to last five years is $500. The financial STATEMENT that shows how and why an OWNER’S EQUITY, or capital, ACCOUNT has changed over s specific https://goodmenproject.com/business-ethics-2/navigating-law-firm-bookkeeping-exploring-industry-specific-insights/ financial PERIOD. Realistic costs for direct materials, direct labor, and factory overhead that have been determined before they occur. A way of pricing the cost of INVENTORY as coming from a specific purchase.

Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT)

Provision of tax law that allows current losses or certain tax credits to be utilized in the tax returns of future periods.. INTEREST cost incurred during the time necessary to bring an ASSET to the condition and location for its intended use and included as part of the HISTORICAL COST of acquiring the asset. Outlay of money to acquire or improve capital assets such as buildings and machinery. Standard rate multiplied by a level of activity to determine the OVERHEAD cost of that activity.

posting definition in accounting

A taxpayer is considered to have received the income even though the monies are not in hand, it may have been set aside or otherwise made available. A FINANCIAL STATEMENT for external reporting that presents only the major categories of information. FINANCIAL STATEMENT presentation in which the current amounts and the corresponding amounts for previous periods or dates also are shown. Organization engaged in business as a PROPRIETORSHIP, PARTNERSHIP, CORPORATION, or other form of enterprise.


Any cost that cannot be conveniently and economically traced to a specific department; a manufacturing cost that is not easily traced to a specific product and must be assigned using an allocation method. This is the private sector standard-setting body governing the independence of AUDITORs from their public company clients. It came about from discussions between the AICPA, other accounting representatives and the SEC. Summary of the effect of REVENUES and expenses over a period of time.

posting definition in accounting

Hence, in the journal entry, the Employee’s Salary account will be debited and the Cash / Bank account will be credited. Ledger accounts that contain transactions related to individuals or other organizations with whom your business has direct transactions are known as personal accounts. Some examples of personal accounts are customers, vendors, salary accounts of employees, drawings and capital accounts of owners, etc. The posting reference (PR), sometimes folio (F), column in the journal usually comes after the particulars or description column.